Ѻҹҧͧ͹Шҧͧ ӹѡҹ¹ɮ   ӹѡҹШԹ ҹǡѺ͹к  computer  ҡ
ҹçҹ ҹ͹֧ͧ
        ҧҹػó͹ Input 5 ˭ ֧ input к

        1   ͹ѡ keyboard ҹѡŢҡ Computer ͹ѡա˹ ѵ ͧҹѵҹ ѡ    Ѩغѹѵѹ


  ѵ

        2 ͹ػó˹ ͹ѡɳ͹Ẻ Graphic ػóѴ Mouse ҡʧ Joystick Trackball

        3 ҹٻҾ computer ǡ Scanner , OCR ͧҹѡҡʴ (Ѩغѹ OCR ѧ Ѻ
ѧʾ) ͧҹᶺ (Bar code)

        4 ͹§к§ٴ (Speech recognition) кǹǨͺ§Ѩغѹѧҹҧԧѧ   ͧҡ§ͧҧѹ
ѹٴͧѧ͹ѹ ֧ѧҵҹ

        5 ͹ǨѺ Switch, Sensor Ѵҹ س ѹ ¹ѭҳ͹͡ ԨԵ ͹Ẻѵѵк Ǻͧѡ ػóҧ

          ػóԹصҹ
        ͧմͧáͧš ѡҹ׹ѹдɰͺ 300 ͧմѺ¹ѹ֡ѡҹ ? ѹ 7 Ҥ .. 2257 Ѳͧ״մ˹Ѻ ֧ؤ硷͹ԡմ֧Ѻó ͹ѡѺؤáҡ͹ҹѵͧҹѵա˹ ͹ѡؤá֧͹ ѷͺ˹
ͧ ¡ͻԡ֧Ѩغѹ

      Ը͹Ը
        ҹѡѧҧҡҧ ͧ ͹ͧѡ§ͧѹ ѧ֧Դ
Ը͹ٻ ѭѡɳԡ ͧҡö¡Ѻѡա ѧк Ѩغѹ֧ѹк GUI-Graphic User Interface ѹҡ ҧա͡ҧ˹
        شͧػóԹصҹ кͧԴ͡Ѻҡ 30 ѲѺ֧Ѩغѹ ҧǧѧҡդ.. 1980 ѲػóԹصẺҧ ѹҡ

        д絪ش
        д絪ػóԹصѺԡá شͧд絪ҡǹ . Ź(Ivan E. Sutherland) ͡ҧѡ֡ԭ͡
դ.. 1962 ʹԷԾд絪ػóԹصѺкԡ¹ٻ кԡѺѲͧ TX-2 ͧ ѧٻ

          ҧػóԹص˹ٻҾԡ ҡʧ ҡʧӡѴ ˹ش ҡ д絪ѧ´ա ˹Ҵͧ ѹͧԡ ŹѲкԡѡͧԹҾ

ͧǡѺ
          ǧ .. 1950-1960 ػó˹ѡѹҡʧ ҡʧͧ˹ŧҾ ͧ¡͡ҡ ҡӤѭͧҡʧͧҾ᡹
شҧԧѺѺҡ ֧෤ԤҡѺ͹Ҥ
          .. 1964 Engelbart ͺػó˹ ҡʧ ʵ ʹػóҡҿ͡Ѻ ػó˹ѧҹѡҡҧҧѹ ѹ֧֡ػóѺ͹ .. 1940 Ѵ¡ (planimeter) Сͺͧ١ԴѺᢹ ١͹ع ᡹ X
᡹ Y ͹ ҡԴ١ع͡˹᡹ X ᡹ Y ػó˹Ѻشͧ˵ԴԴ͡ؤ
          áѧҴ˭ ͧعͧ عѴǹͧ͹᡹ X ᡹ Y ͹
к֧ öǺҹ Ǩͺ˹

ѹ١
          ͧ Engelbart Ѳա зöѴǹͧعѺ͹ԧҾ µǺ شѲ١ء ͹عͧͧ
          ҧ ѧѲöҹ¢ ¹ѭҳҡй͡繴ԨԵ ʧͧաԴ ͡˹͹ ֧ٻҧ
          ١ءҧǴ ѷ͡Ѳк GUI Թٻ˹֧شͧ ѧҹͻ ԹͪѹػóШѺ˹ ֧Ѻ֧
Ѻҧ
          ѨغѹҷӤѭкԹ ʹ˹൪ѹ кʷ кͿԹ ѧٻ


ҧѲкԹʷ˹

ʧ
          ؤáͧ SRI Ѳ˹ 3 §ѹ ѷ͡ 3 ѹ ͧѷͻŷѺͧԹͪ§  ѴػóԹصѡӤѭк (ٻ)

          ͧѷѹ 2 3 ѡɳ ҵҹҧͧԴѹ ǹҴٻҧͧҴ 6 x 10 ૹ СѺͧ
          ͡ҡʧ ʧѡɳͧԹ˹ҧöԴʹ ѡɳͧ Pop Pull ѡɳͧ͡ͺʹͧѺ ʹٻҧͧѭѡɳҾ


ҧͧѭѡɳ͡ҧѹ

Ԩ
          Ԩͧ¡ Ԩ䵫 ػóԹصͧ Сͺдҹ˹蹡Ѻػó˹ҧ¡ ҹ дҹдҹºѺ¹ٻ


ҧԨ䵫ҹ CAD

          дҹ絨СͺǴ͹ҧ᡹ X Y ǴǨͺʹ͡ ˹Ǵҧ᡹ X Y ͡˹ X,Y
          ໡ͧԨ䵫絷Ӥѭ ´ͧ˹˹¡٪ѹ ͧ٪ѹ͡شдҹ絹ҧش¡͡ҡѹ ҡԵ٪ѹ 200 (lpi) дҹҴ 12 x 12 ´ͧش
ͧʴشҡ๵ 0-2400 ´дҹ絹ҡѺ 1/200
          ǹ١ͧ(accuracy) ͡١ͧͧǨͺºѺҵҹ Ѵ١ͧͧԵ˹ҡ 0.001-0.035 ١ͧѹѺӹǹ
          ѺǹӤѭաǹ˹ ǹ˭͹ءѵشԹҷ

ԹصٻҾ
           ٻҹҧҹ鹨ش§ѹش§ش Ѵǹ Ѩغѹػó¡ػóҤѡ ᡹(ҾСͺٻ 7)ѹ˹Ҥ֧˹ҷ ᡹쪹Դ᡹ػóԹҧ˹ ҹҾ
          Ҿҹҹ˹شͧ ѧҡҾ˹´´ 300 ش ѧҴ 12 x 12 ͧҡҡ 12 x 12 x 300 x 300           ᡹͡Ѻкк Ǻ ͧ˹ʹʤ ѧ֧ͧǹСͺ
          ҡ᡹Ҿ ҾѡͿѲ äѡѡѹ ¡к OCR-Optical Character Reader кѡ кѧѺѲѺ ҧ кѧҡҧҹɮä١ͧͧä
ѹͧӤѭ


          ѺþѲҹҹ 20 ѺءҹҧþԹ çҹصˡ صˡԵСѹ ͹ѭѡɳ ͧͧҹ֧äŢѡ͡
          ؤ UPC-Universal Product Code Ѻ֡͡ҡ 20 ѧҡʹԴشʧ ʹԴҴ
          Ѩغѹͧҡ֧ͧҧͧʹŢ 11 ¡ԴͧԹ ͧʹͧҤҤʹ
          ͧʹ֧ͧشҹäͧþɢͧѧ

   ҹʹ١ͧ
ͧŴع
öʹ֧˹ͧ٧
ͧͧҹҤ١ŧ
          ѹѡͧŵҤٹप˹ ͧԨóҡٻ

           ẺŵԸҡ ˹ 0 1 1 ͧҧ˹֧Ţ 0 1 ǹա˹¡ ҧҧͧҴŢ 0 1 ͧԨóҡٻ 8 1 ҧ 0 ¹¹Ҵ
Ӥѭͧʹͧ᡹ҹҡ ͧ ѧ֧ͧӹ֧֧ͧӤѭ ҧҨͧԸԧ乫 ˹ҧͧ͹ѭҳԡ

ѡѺ UPC
          UPC-Universal Product Code ԹԹҧþԹѹҡ 15
СͺŢ 12 ѡ ŢẺ 7 ҧ 2 ᶺ ¡᷹ UPC delta(7,2) ѡŵ 7 2

            Ţ͡ѧٻ ͧͧҧ˹
ͧӹ֧֧ҹҡҾҹԧöҹҡ͢ ѧŢءͧҹҡ ӡѺ
            UPC ͧŢ 0-9 ʴѧҧ
 

() () ҧẺ)
0 0001101 1110010 3,2,1,1
1 0011001 1100110 2,2,2,1
2 0010011 1101100 2,1,2,2
3 0111101 1000010 1,4,1,1
4 0100011 1011100 1,1,3,2
5 0110001 1001110 1,2,3,1
6 0101111 1010000 1,1,1,4
7 0111011 1000100 1,3,1,2
8 0110111 1001000 1,2,1,3
9 0001011 1110100 3,1,1,2

            ҡҧŢ 1ᶺ 2,2,2,1 ֧ҧ 2 ˹ Ѻѹ ҡ 00110001 ҧͧ ᶺͧ ҧͧ˹ ѧࡵ 2,2,2,1 Ѻҧҡ 1,2,2,2 ӡѺ ѧͧҹ͹Ѻ 1,2,2,2
֧ӡѺԴҴ
          UPC Թʴѧٻ 10 UPC ⫹Ţѧ

˹ͧ 101
Ţ 6 (ҧ 1) Ţѡáصˡ
        0 ͧ
        3
        ŢѡԵ
˹ҧ (01010)
Ţ 6 ҧ 1) ŢѡԴ˹ѡŢ check digit
ӹǹѭѡɳ ӹǹ
UPC delta (7,2) 10 7
Codel128 delta (11,3) 106 11
Codel93 delta (9,3) 48 9
Codel39 Width (8,3) 44 13.5 ()
Codebar Width (7,2) 16 10
˹ͧ
            ͡ҡѧ˹ա 128 Ẻŵ 11 3 106 ѡ͹ʡҧҧ ҧػ֧ҧ Ը˹ҵҹʹҹ ѹ͡ҧ
UPC ᷹Ţ 0-9 §֧ͧٻҧѨغѹѧѲҹء ҷ
Ӥѭҹҧ աҡѵѹ֡͹ҤѧͧѲѲ˹ ػóԹصաٻҹҹҧ OMR-Optical Mark Reader Ǩͺ кѺ§ٴ
            ҧҧѧͧѲ ҹ͹ҹҾ ѡɳ¡ image processing ͧԴкԹصѲѲ˹ѡ§


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