64 Ե
ҡ ҹ к 8 Ե Ẻ 8 Ե 16 Ե ֧֧Ѩغѹѹǹ˭ Ẻ 32 ԵѴѧ64 Եͧ ˵ؼ ҧẺ 32 Ե ѧ§ ҧԴҡ

Ҵͧվ

64 Եк 64 Ե ԧҵðҹҧ ͧٴͧѹ˹¹ѧաҹѧҺ ԴҴҧҴʹҧ ѧ١ͧ ҴѧҨҡҴԧ ҹ ҴͧٴҡҴӹǹ (integerregister)
¡ҧ 8088 Ҵ 16 Ե Ҵ 8 Ե Ҵ 20 Ե ǹ 8086 ʶһѵ¡Ѻ 8088 ءҧ ¡§Ҵ 16 Ե (ѨغѹԹ¡ 8088 8086sx ѧ¡ 386sx Ҵ 16 Ե ҧ 386dx Ҵ 24 Ե 386 Ҵ 32 Ե ԧ
ͧ С 680x0 Ҵ 32 Ե § 68020,68030 68040 Ҵʹѹ 32 Ե ǹ 6800 Ҵ 64 Եʹ 24 Ե ػͧ ҵðҹҴк"

ʶһѵ¡ͧվ

Ԩóçҧҧҹʶһѵ¡ ö¡ѡɳͧվ 2 Ẻѹ Intruction Set Architecture (ISA) Ẻ Harware Implementation Ẻ ISA ʶһѵ¡ҹش ͧдѺͿҡ öзѺʹ ǹдѺͧҧҹʹҧҹ

CPU CHARACTERISTICS
      ISA characteristics Hardware Implementation
CPU Year Size Innteger Generated Physical Data
  released Called register size user address size address size bus size
      (R) (V) (A) (D)
DED PDP-11/45 1973 16 16 16* 18 32
DEC PDP-11/70 1976 16 16 16* 22 32
DEC VAX-11/780 1978 32 32 31 32 64
IMB S/360 1964 32 32 24 24 8-128
IBM S/370XA 1983 32 32 31 32 128
IBM ESA/370 1988 32 32 31* 32 128
IBM RISC System/6000 1990 323 32 32* 32 64-128
HP Precision 1986 32 32 32* 32 32-64
Intel 386DX 1985 32 32 32* 32 32
Intel 386SX 1987 32 32 32* 24 16
Intel 860 1989 64 32 32 32 64
Intel 486DX 1989 32 32 32* 32 32
Intel 486SX 1991 32 32 32* 32 32
Mips R2000 1986 32 32 31 32 32
Mips R4000 1990 64 64 40-62 36 64
Motorola 68000 1980 32 32 24 24 16
Motorola 68020 1985 32 32 32 32 32
Motorola 68030 1987 32 32 32 32 32
Motorola 68040 1990 32 32 32 32 32
Sun SPARC 1987 32 32 32 36 32-64

ҧ 1 ҧººվ

ѧҧ 1 ʶһѵ¡ͧվҹ ISA ͧҴӹǹҴҧ R ԵͧʹҴҧ V Ե V ʹʹ͹ ö١¹ 2 Ẻ
1. ҧç ҧҴʹѺ R
2. ǹǹǹ 2 ǹѹ֧ʹ Ըöҧʹҡ R ͧ
ѧҡͧҹǹѴ(memory menagement)͹ ֧дѺ ʹҴ A ҧԧ˹ԧ ҧԧ˹ҹѹ D Ե ҴҴͧͧ ѧٻ 1

ٻ 1 Ҵͧ

ҴԷҾ

Ҵ 64 Ե ѡɳԷҾաҡ
- ǡҡ ҧöԷҾ֧ 2 ҡ¹ҡк 32 Եк 64 Ե кԺѵԡŧ10 ֧20 繵˹ͺҴ˭ ҧҧ վѺ I/O ǫöŴŧŧҴ (compression) ͹ ֧Ѵ (decompression) ͹ ԸͧѴѺҴ˭ к 64 Ե ҧǴҡ
- ҿԡ ҧҹҿԡ ͡ҡӹdzҡ ͹´٧ öҧҹ٧ ͧҹҹҿԡ(graphic support chips) к 64 Ե ѹ scroll ͧҧҴ˭зѧ öҧʺ Ը 64 Ե ԷҾ֧2 ͧẺ 32 Ե ºѹҧҹԷҾҤѧ١ա
- ӹdz٧ ǹ˭öǡ źŢӹǹ´٧ ǡẺ 64 Ե 96 Ե 128 ԵҧǴٳҴ´٧ ѧҡ ѧ(Cryptography) ͧӹdzٳѺŢҴ˭ ӹdzҹԹѧдѺҴ 32 ԵҨöӹǹԹҴ ͧҴ 64 Ե֧§

ҡ͹֧˵ؼͧҴ 64 Ե ѧա˵ؼ˹ʹѺʹعͧ к 64 Եҧʹҡաҡ
ҡ͹֧ͧ ҴͿѺҴͧͧ ѧкǹ˭͡Ҵ٧شͧҡҴͧ ͧԷҾҴѺѧ ӡѴ§Ҵ٧شͧǹ ҡѧ׹ա ѹª ͿªҡǹԹҴͧ شԡĵͧ 32 Ե

ٻ 2 ººء 2

ҡٻ 2 ֡ͧء 2 ѺӹҴͧ ҧ 32 Ե ֧شԡĵ §ѺͿ˭ ҡ "Mips Computer System " "Sun Microsysttem" ֡Ҵҿ͡Է ѵͧçѵ 2 Եء 3 ҿҹʴ֧Ҵ٧شͧ ǹҿҧʴҴͧѺ 50 繵 ˹ͧҴѡ١˹ҡ Ԩóҿ .. 1991 ͧҧ֧ 32 Ե .. 1993 .. 1994 ͧ٧ա ԴԡĵöѲҡ˭աҡҴwbr>wbrbr> 32 Ե ѲѴ 64 Ե

ͧ 64 Ե

ҡͧҡҧҡ 32 Ե öѧҴ 32 Ե ͧ͡ 2 ǹ ҴԨ 64 Ե
ҹʧ Ҵͧ 64 Ե Ҵ 48 Ե ҨҴ 64 ԵҡԹ˹ ˵ؼʶһѵ¡ͧҧʹͧö֧дѺ ҧ֧ʹ˹ ͧ Ҵ 8 Ե 1 亵 ҡͧҡ 1 Ҵͧѹͧ 2 16 Ե 32 Ե 64 Ե ҡ 48 Ե ͧҧʹ 6 Ե ͧ͹ҧҡ֧ͧҴѧкŢҹ 2 ҹ 16 ѹ ҡѴǹͧŧҧ͹ ¹ҡա ʹͧѺкҹŢ
ͧѹҹͧҴҡ к 32 Եѧ§ §ԷҾѧѹ
- ҹҹ кҧҹҹͧҡ Ѵ ͧ٧ҡ ԷҾͧк֧ ҡ ѹ ͧվǡػó͡(external device)ҡ ˹ʤ ͧ ѧվǴԷҾ§ѧªԷҾ Դ Boltle neck Ǵش͹ͧк ͧԴػó ѧкԺѵԡ Ըԧ ѺҧǴѹwbr>wbr>wbr>br>w ա§ҹ¹ʤ ѧҡҴʤ˭ҡ ҡ ˵кҹ֧ͧ٧ҡ
- ӧҹ ͧʴҾѺҾ ͧҴ֧ 3.75 亵 ҡҾ´ 1280x1024 ش شöҧԧ֧ 24 Ե ʴҾ֧ͧͧ 24 1 Թҷ кẺ 32 Ե Ҵ˹ 4 160
- CAD ѹҧҹ CAD(Computer Aided Design) ͡çҧҧ кҴ˭ ͧҴ˹ҡͧʤͻ ԡҡҡҹӧҹҹѹ ҹͧ
- GIS (Geographic Information) к ӹǹҡ кѹ ͧ˹ ҴԷҾѺѹ
- Ѵҹ Number crunching ͧѺŢҴ˭ӹdz Ѻ͹٧ ѡɳѧͧ˹ҡ ӹdzŢ ¡ ҡ

ҹͧкẺ 64 Ե ¹˵ؼ ѹҧѺ ôѹ ѹѧк32 Ե ѹѨغѹ ¹ѺѺҴ 64 Ե ѹ˭ԧ ͧѺաѹ ֧ѹҨ ͧͧմӨѴ ҧ͹͡͡ ˹ 640 Ѻ ǡѹ ͡ ͹ö٧ Ҵ˹ 640 ¡ͧѹѹ
¹ѧشҹӤѭͧ к 64 Ե ѧ ҧҹ ѧѺ.....


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