кԺѵ DOS ҧ?

кԺѵ (operating system) ǹСͺӤѭͧкͿ кԺѵСͺҡش˹ǺԹҧ ͧк ҹҹҧѾҡҧ к ǹͿǹҧԷҾ
кдѺ кԺѵѴѹ֡촴ʡ ѡѹͧ ʴ (Microsort Disk Operating System : MS-DOS) ѲѷͿêѹ кԺѵѲҧͧ ͧͧѲҧҹͿô

ҹͧкԺѵô

ҹͧкѵѵҡǹͧشѴ ˹ͧкҹҧ¡ (Read Only Memory : ROM) ˹ǺػóҹèкԺѵҡѹ֡촴ʡ ˹ѡ ѧҡǺҹͧк١ ˹ѡº ˹кԺѵôʷ١è command.com кǹҹͧкѧ¡ѹ úٷͧ (boot)
úٷͧѹ 2 Ը
1. Cold Boot ԴͧԵԴԴͧ (power)
2. Worm Boot ԸͧԴ óͧҧ (Hank) ͧҹ͹ úٷͧẺö 2 Ը
    1. Reset
    2. Ctrl+Alt+Del ѹ


Ҿʴ˹úٷͧкԺѵô


Դ DOS
ͧ DOS 2 Դ
1. (Internal Command) ¡ѹʹͧԴҹ ١èŧ˹ѡ (ROM) ʹ ѧҡ Boot DOS ǹҡ CLS, DIR, COPY, REN
2. ͡ (External Command) ١㹴ʡ DOS ١˹ ͧ¡˹ 蹴ʡ촴ʡͧö¡ ҧ FORMAT, DISKCOPY, TREE, DELTREE

ٻҧ

ҧ ͧ DOS ˹ѡѭѡɳ ͧٻ ѧ
[d:] ֧ Drive A:, B:
[path] ֧ ä
[filename]֧
[.ext] ֧ ǹ ʡ
˵ ǧ ([ ] ) ͧ

ٻ (Internal Command)
˹
ٻ
CLS (CLEAR SCREEN) źҾ CLS
DATE /ѹѺ SYSTEM DATE
TIME / Ѻ SYSTEM TIME
VER (VERSION) Ţ (version) VER
VOL (VOLUME) ʴͧ DISKETTE VOL [d:]
DIR (DIRECTORY) , 蹴ʡ, ԡ DIR [d:] [path] [filename [.ext]] [/p] [/w]
  • /p ֧ ʴ 1 ˹Ҿ ͧ˹
  • /w ֧ ʴҧͧҾ
TYPE ʴ˹ TYPE [d:] [path] [filename.[.ext]]
COPY Ѵ͡˹ ҡҧ ѧҧ Ҩҡ蹴ʡ˹蹴ʡ COPY [d:] [path] [filename[.ext]] [d:] [path] filename[.ext]]
REN (RENAME] ¹ (ҧѧ͹) REN [d:] [path] [oldfilename[.ext]] [newfilename[.ext]]
DEL (DELETE) ź͡ҡ蹴ʡ DEL [d:] [path] [filename[.ext]]
PROMPT COMMAND ¹ٻѺ (system prompt) ͧ PROMPT [prompt-text] or propt $p$
$ ֧ѡ
t ֧
d ֧ ѹ ͹
p ֧ ҧ Directory Ѩغѹ
v ֧ DOS VERSION NUMBER
g ֧ ͧ >
l ֧ ͧ <
q ֧ ͧ =
MD (MAKE DIRECTORY) ҧ subdirectory (ͧ) Ѵ MD [d:] [path] [Dir_name]
CD (CHANGE DIRECTORY) ¹ҹ subdirectory ͧ CD [d:] [path] [Dir_name]
CD\ (Ѻ ROOT DIRECTORY
CD.. (Ѻ DIRECTORY)
RD (REMOVE DIRECTORY) ź subdirectory (ͧ) ҧ MD RD [d:] [path] [Dir_name]

͡(EXTERNAL COMMAND)

͡ 2 ʡ
1.ʡ .COM file è١ŧͧ
2.ʡ .EXE file è¹дѺ٧ŧͧ
˹ ٻ
TREE ʴ directory 蹴ʡ ˹ TREE [d:] [/f]
/f ֧ subdirectory
SYS (SYSTEM) copy Դͧŧ蹴ʡ촴ʡ к (Դͧ) SYS [d:]
CHKDSK (CHECK DISK) Ǩͺ directory file ʴӹǹ memory ֧ 蹴ʡ CHKDSK [d:] [path] [filename[.ext]] [/f] [/v]
/f ֧ Ǩͺ
/v ֧ ʴ directory ͹
LABEL ˹ (volume label), ¹ź volume label ʡ LABEL [d:] [volume label]
FORMAT ó diskette Ѵ track sector ͧ diskette ¹
ó diskette ١ҧ ¹
FORMAT [d:] [/s] [/v]
/s ֧ format Ѵ͡ к (BIO.COM, OS.COM, COMMAND.COM)
/v ֧ ˹ volume label ʡ
DISKCOPY (COPY DISKETTE copy file ҡ蹴ʡҡ˹ա˹ 蹴ʡա ѧ format format ѵѵ DISKCOPY [d:] [d:]


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