¸Իҳ

ͧҡ˹ͧš ҳѡԻҳ ԻѲҧԪ˹ ҧҧŻʶһԡͧ ҹŻӤѭ ѡ ҹʶһѵ¡ҧ ԻѲʵҢҧ ͧʵ Եʵ ҹҧٻҴ Ҵѧ (papyrus) ҹ֡§ͧ ѹ֡ѵʵ֧Ѩغѹ

Իѧҵҧҹɵ ö١ ҳҨѡͧԻ͹ 5000 BC

ҳ 3300 BC ҳҨѡԻͧ͡ҳҨѡ ҳҨѡ͹͹ҧ 3118 BC ֧˹ ѵԹԻ ѵ (Menes) ҧͧǧ (Memphis) ԴͧԻ§ Դ ͧѤ (Sakkara) ҧѵ (Soser) ҳ 2667-2648 BC

Դ§Ѩغѹ Դͧԫ (Giza) ҧѹͧ ԴͧԫѡɳҧҡԴá Դº ҧԴѧ ҧؤ¸Իѵͧ ç ҧԴʶҹѧȾͧѵؤӤѭҧ ҳѡԻҳؤ 1567-1085 BC ѧҡҳѡԻŧ 525-404 BC ١ͺͧ ҡ 332-30 BC ͺͧͧա¹ ѧҡ 30 BC ҳҨѡѹ

: . ׹ ó, ӹѡԡä Էɵʵ