: ҷŢ only  

Paul Erdos ( Ԫ) ֧ ˹ѧ The New York Times Ѻѹ 20 ѹ¹ .. 2539 ŧ˹˹ ѹѹ٭ѡԵʵ˭ش˹ͧš

ǧԵʵ   Ѩؤԡš͹ ѹ͹ ʹԵͧ ҹѡ ͺѴҹ Դ ѹѡԵʵҹҡ֧ 1,500 ͧ ѺҡѡԵʵȵ

  Դا Budapest ѧ .. 2456 Ѩͧʧѧ ô   ѡŢź (negative number) -3, -5, -12, 4 Ǻ жöԴѧͧͧŢѡ ѸöʴԸ٨ͧ Pythagorus ѹҧҹͧҡ a2 = b2 + c2 ( a ҹçҡ b Ѻ c ҹСͺҡͧ) ֧ 37 Ը   ֡Է 17 ǧԵʵͧš֧ͧ ö٨ɮ˹ ͧ Chebyshev ɮѧŧŢӹǹͧӹǹӹǹ˹ͧͧաӹǹ˹ ҧŢͧӹǹ Ţ (prime number) ҧ˹ӹǹ੾ Ţ 1 ѹͧŧ ѧ ӡѴŢ 3, 5, 11, 13, Ţ 8, 20, 32, Ţ੾) ԧͧɮ Ţ 7 ˹ӹǹ ͧͧ 7 14 ѧ ɮ Chebyshev ֧ŧҧŢ 7 Ѻ 14 Ţҧ 1 Ţ 11 13 Erdos ֧ѡԵʵáԸ٨ɮʴԸ٨ҧЪѺ

֧   Ը٨ɮҧ ҧԵʵҧʴѡҹ ԶԵͧ   Ѻѹá;¾͡ҡѧ ҹҡԷ˹ ҧԷա˹Ш Դ§ͧͧ ֧ѵ ͧšТͧͧ

  ͺ" ᷹ "" ѡԵʵشԵʵ ԧ   "" ͹" § 1 ԴԵʵ֧شͧԵ Ըҹʴš ֧ 83 ѧ ӡѴҹԵʵҧ

ʹ 25 شͧԵ   ѡٴ ҡ ˹ɮԵʵ ͧٴԻҧࡧŧ ٴԻҧࡧ ѧ   ҡҧ ɮԵʵҧ еͧҹ˹ѡ֧ 19 ѹ 7 ѹ 1 ѻ ҹ˹ѡҡѡ͹   Դ ءѡ͹ҧͧ

  ԹҧԴջҹѺѡԵʵҧ šʹ ҹ Եŧѡʵ ʧ֡ ͧѴҴҡ֡ҹ ֧觡Ѻҹԧ ҹ ʵͧѭ͹ Ѻö ѡմ Ըا¹ ٴ ͧ ͧʹ "ö" ѡԵʵͧ   ҹͧҡ ͧԹԹҧ ִ֧֡Ѵ˹˹¡Ѻҡѡҹ ѡԵʵ () Դ   ʹ

  öҡԴԸҹҧѡԵʵ ʹѺʹعѧԵѡ֡ѧ֡дѺԭͧ͡

֧ͧԵ ҧ˹ͧʹ֧ͧѴ Ѵ   ҹ˹ѧ ͧѾѧҤԪԵʵѴʵҨҧԵʵٴ¡Ѻ   ѺѴª

  ҹѺѡԵʵšӹǹҡ֧ 4,500 ҹҧҹ number theory, set theory, combinatorics, graph theory âԵ

͹ԧҤ .. 2540 Paul Hoffman º§ǻѵͧ   ŧ˹ѧ The man Who loved Only Numbers : The Story of Paul   and the Search for Mathematical Truth ˹ѧ˹ 302 ˹ Ҥ $23 ѹԧ˹ѧóѡ ͡ҡԵʵ   ѧѡͧҡ " д١ͧ١ѧͧѧ

" ҤԵʵͧԡѹ (The American Mathematical Society and the Mathematics Association of America) ѴҹЪ   Ъ֧ҹͧ ԵҹҴͧͧ   ѵͧ Babe Ruth ҧʶԵ home run = 714 Hank Aaron ʶԵ = 715   714 =2 x 3 x 7 x 17 2 + 3 + 7 + 17 = 29 715 = 5 x 11 x 13 5 + 11 + 13 = 29 ѹ   ʴԸ٨ ҡŢ 2 ӹǹ§ѹ (714, 715) ö¡Сͺ (factor) СͺŢǡͧСͺѹ ѨغѹѡԵʵѡŢش Ruth-Aaron number

ѵʵͧѡԵʵ ѡѺ֧͹ѺѵʵͧҾ¹ѡͧ ˹ѧ͡ҹ ѡԵʵ˭ Եҧ ֧ѧʹ آҡҡѭԵʵѺ


: . طȹ ¡ҹ, Ƿ.